A reformist step in Education – National Education Policy 2020

The purpose of Education is to make good Human Beings with skills and Expertise. Enlightened human beings can be created by teachers. – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

The world is engaged in the roll-coaster of changes in the domain of Education. The human world is empowered by the technologically sustained changes. With the scientific and the technological advancements and the rise of machine learning and Artificial Intelligence, the nation has taken yet another step for building a better tomorrow. The National Education Policy 2020 focuses on the growing developmental imperatives of the country.

Indeed, with the quickly changing employment landscape and global ecosystem, it is becoming absolutely critical that children not only learn, but understand the importance to learn. Education, thus has to be more practical critical, incur problem solving capabilities, creative, and adapt changing fields with the least focus on content.

The National Education Policy is Education 4.0 – The Innovation producing Education. The Industry 4.0 focuses on revolution based on cyber Physical systems. The industry 4.0 emerges into creating spaces for students for engaging in the creative self and to learn to critically analyse.  The education 4.0 ecosystem helps us in experiential learning with the help of Dynamic technology. NEP helps to Recognizing, identifying, and fostering the unique capabilities of each student.

Everything comes with its pros and cons – The challenges faced by NEP 2020 are:

  • Pedagogical limitations: The document talks about flexibility, choice, experimentation. In higher education, the document recognizes that there is a diversity of pedagogical needs. If it is a mandated option within single institutions, this will be a disaster, since structuring a curriculum for a classroom that has both one-year diploma students and four-year degree students’ takes away from the identity of the institution.
  • Need to create a large pool of trained teachers – In school education; the policy envisages a sweeping structural re-design of the curriculum a very welcome step. But in order to deliver this curriculum effectively, we need teachers who are trained in and understand the pedagogical needs. Many of the curricular changes require substantial mind-set shifts on the part of teachers, as well as parents.
  • Opening universities every week is a herculean task

India today has around 1,000 universities across the country. Doubling the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education by 2035 which is one of the stated goals of the policy will mean that we must open one new university every week, for the next 15 years. Opening one University every week on an on-going basis is an undoubtedly massive challenge.

In short to conclude with, the new education policy (NEP-2020) has come at the right time and the objective is very noble. But there lies a world of difference between laying down a policy on paper and following it in spirit. The success of NEP 2020 and the pace of its implementation depend to a large extent on how successfully the Universities, Colleges and Schools can tide over the practical challenges facing it. Currently, the implementation of the education policy requires multiple actions and initiatives to be taken by different bodies systematically.